Tropical Cyclone Fani strengthened in the eastern Bay of Bengal in late April and made landfall in Odisha State on May 3. WorldAware is tracking this storm. Expect significant modifications to the track and intensity forecast over the coming days.

Navigate to each of the alert updates:

Warning Alert | May 13Additional protests possible in parts of Odisha State, India, as of May 13 over delayed recovery efforts. Transport disruptions possible.

Critical Alert | May 3: TC Fani weakens considerably following landfall in Odisha State, India, May 3. Dissipation likely over Bangladesh by late May 4.

Critical Alert | May 2: Fani intensifies in the Bay of Bengal. Landfall forecast in Odisha, India, May 3. Life-threatening flooding and surge likely.

Warning Alert | May 1: TC Fani to parallel India's eastern coast; landfall possible in Odisha State by late May 3. Expect flooding rains and storm surge.


Warning Alert effective May 13 06:15 GMT: Additional protests possible in parts of Odisha State, India, as of May 13 over delayed recovery efforts. Transport disruptions possible.

The locations affected by this alert are:

  • Bhubaneshwar-Cuttack, Odisha State
  • Paradip, Odisha State

This alert began 13 May 2019 06:15 GMT and is scheduled to expire 17 May 2019 23:59 GMT.

  • Event: Possible protests
  • Location: Odisha State 
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Localized transport disruptions; possible violence

 

Summary

Residents in cyclone-hit areas in Odisha State may stage additional protests in the coming days over the delay in recovery efforts. Water shortages and power outages are reportedly ongoing in the affected areas since Cyclone Fani hit the state May 3. Residents staged demonstrations in cyclone-hit districts, including Puri, Khorda, Cuttack, Jagatsinghpur, and Kendrapara, May 11-12. Gatherings also occurred in parts of state capital Bhubaneswar. Additional demonstrations are likely to take place near government offices.

Protesters blocked roads connecting Paradeep and Cuttack, as well as National Highway 316 between Bhubaneswar and Puri, May 11-12. Transport disruptions are likely in the event of further protests, especially if protesters block roads, which could also hamper the delivery of aid to affected areas. Violence is possible between protesters and security personnel and government officials; protesters allegedly assaulted officials during previous protests.


 

Advice

Seek updated information from local, trusted contacts on the security situation in cyclone-hit districts, particularly as protests are likely to be spontaneous and unannounced. Avoid all protests due to the possibility of violence. If an unruly crowd forms near you, immediately depart the area. Confirm road status before attempting travel. Do not try to navigate any roadblocks due to the threat of attacks by protesters; seek alternative routes.


Critical Alert effective May 3, 16:19 GMT: TC Fani weakens considerably following landfall in Odisha State, India, May 3. Dissipation likely over Bangladesh by late May 4.

This alert began 03 May 2019 16:19 GMT and is scheduled to expire 06 May 2019 23:59 GMT.

  • Event: Tropical Cyclone Fani
  • Center of Circulation: Odisha State, India, approximately 115 km (70 miles) north-northwest of Paradip
  • Maximum Sustained Winds: 70 knots (130 kph, 80 mph)
  • Affected Area: Eastern India; Bangladesh; Bhutan 

 

Click to enlarge Google map.

Summary

Tropical Cyclone Fani has undergone significant weakening following landfall in Odisha State, India, the morning of May 3. The system came onshore near Puri with roughly 200 kph (125 mph) wind gusts at around 0800 IST. As of late May 3, the center of circulation was approximately 115 km (70 miles) north-northwest of Paradip. The system is still a tropical cyclone, but interaction with land over the coming hours will probably cause Fani to weaken into a tropical storm by early May 4. The center of Fani is forecast to dissipate into a remnant low-pressure system by the time it crosses northern Bangladesh late May 4.

 

Weather Warnings

As of late May 3, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) has issued the following weather advisories, some of which will remain in effect through at least May 5:

  • Cyclone Warning: Odisha and West Bengal
  • Heavy Rain Warning: Odisha, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, and Tripura
  • Wind Warning: Odisha and West Bengal
  • Storm Surge Warning: The Kendrapara, Balasore, and Bhadrak districts of Odisha; North and South 24 Parganas districts of West Bengal

Expect officials to continually update current alerts as the cyclone passes over land in the coming hours.

 

Hazardous Conditions

Tropical Cyclone Fani will continue to bring life-threatening and disruptive weather to parts of eastern India and Bangladesh through at least May 4. The remnants of the system will also produce disruptive rain and wind in portions of Bhutan over the coming days. The heaviest rainfall of 15-30 cm (6-12 inches) is likely in northeastern coastal areas of Odisha, Jharkhand, and northern portions of West Bengal; localized totals of up to 50 cm (20 inches) cannot be ruled out. Current guidance indicates that lesser rainfall accumulations of 5-10 cm (2-4 inches) are likely in the Kolkata and Dhaka metropolitan areas.

Sustained heavy rain will likely trigger dangerous flash and areal flooding in low-lying communities near rivers, creeks, and streams, as well as in urban areas with easily overwhelmed stormwater drainage systems. Sites downstream of large reservoirs could experience flooding after relatively short periods of intense rainfall. Rain-induced landslides pose a significant concern in steeply sloped terrains where the soil has become overly saturated, especially in northeastern India and Bhutan. Tornadoes and waterspouts could develop as the cyclone's heavy rain bands move onshore.

Destructive winds are also likely through at least May 4, but wind speeds should gradually decrease as the system continues to move over land in the next 24-48 hours. Officials have warned of extensive destruction to weak structures in Ganjam, Gajapati, Khurda, Puri, and Jagatsinghpur districts of Odisha, as well as in northern Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal.

Significant storm surge will also be a concern in coastal areas of eastern India and Bangladesh through May 4. Officials expect a storm surge of around 1.5 meters (5 feet) above astronomical tides in areas under the storm surge warning in Odisha and West Bengal. Officials have urged approximately 880,000 residents in low-lying coastal areas in eastern India to evacuate as a precaution. In Bangladesh, officials report that roughly 400,000 residents throughout 19 low-lying and coastal districts have evacuated to emergency shelters. The number of displaced residents will probably decrease over the coming days as residents return to their homes; however, areas that have experienced significant cyclone damage might remain uninhabitable for several weeks.


 

Transport and Utilities

Tropical Cyclone Fani will cause prolonged transport disruptions in the affected area over the coming days and weeks. Floodwaters and related debris may render some bridges, rail networks, or roadways impassable, impacting overland travel in and around affected areas. Authorities may close some roads and bridges in exposed areas, and floodwaters could wash away some transportation routes during the passage of the cyclone. Flooding in urban areas could also result in severe traffic congestion, while strong winds will pose a hazard to high-profile vehicles.

Disruptions to Indian Railways - including the East Coast Railway in Odisha - are likely over the coming days. Floodwaters and debris could block some rail lines, leading to delays, cancellations, and train rerouting operations.

Strong winds will down trees or spread debris that could damage critical infrastructure (e.g., power lines, telecommunications networks) or impede access to thoroughfares. Plan for extensive and widespread power outages, especially in Odisha State, in the days and weeks following the passage of Tropical Cyclone Fani.

Gusty winds, heavy rains, and low ceilings will trigger flight delays and cancellations at local airports, including - but not limited to - those serving Bhubaneswar (BBI), Kolkata (CCU), Vijayawada (VGA), and Visakhapatnam (VTZ). Officials decided to suspend flight operations at CCU from until at least 1800 May 4; flights will also be suspended at BBI throughout the day May 3. Authorities at other regional airports could ground flights or temporarily close some facilities depending on weather conditions over the coming days.

Maritime disruptions may occur - including at port facilities serving Visakhapatnam, Kalingapatnam, Kakinada, and Paradip - due to rough seas in the Bay of Bengal. Port officials have suspended operations throughout much of the affected area in eastern India until weather conditions improve following the passage of the tropical cyclone.


 

Advice

Monitor local media for updates on the storm system and related weather advisories. Confirm all transport reservations and business appointments before traveling in eastern India, Bangladesh, or Bhutan over the coming days. Allow for localized travel delays and potential supply chain disruptions where severe weather has been forecast. Stay away from rivers, streams, and steeply sloped terrain due to the threat of flooding and landslides/mudflows. Charge battery-powered devices, and stockpile water and nonperishable food in case of prolonged electricity outages.
 


Critical alert effective May 2, 16:33 GMT: Fani intensifies in the Bay of Bengal. Landfall forecast in Odisha, India, May 3. Life-threatening flooding and surge likely.

This alert began 02 May 2019 16:33 GMT and is scheduled to expire 05 May 2019 23:59 GMT.

  • Event: Tropical Cyclone Fani
  • Center of Circulation: Bay of Bengal, approximately 170 km (105 miles) east of Visakhapatnam, India
  • Maximum Sustained Winds: 135 knots (250 kph, 155 mph)
  • Projected Landfall (Date): Odisha State, India (possibly near Puri) (early May 3)
  • Affected Area: Eastern India; Bangladesh; Bhutan

 

Summary

Click to enlarge Google map.

Tropical Cyclone Fani continues to intensify amid favorable environmental conditions in the Bay of Bengal, late May 2. As of 2100 IST, the cyclone's center of circulation was approximately 170 km (105 miles) east of Visakhapatnam, India. The cyclone has estimated wind speeds of up to 250 kph (155 mph) near the center of circulation, and some minor fluctuations in this intensity remain possible in the coming hours.

The system is set to make landfall in southern Odisha State, India, during the early morning hours of May 3; the center of the storm could come onshore near the tourist destination of Puri. If current guidance is correct, the worst conditions will probably occur between Brahmapur and Paradip. The heaviest rain, strongest wind, and most significant storm surge will likely occur near and to the northeast of where the cyclone makes landfall.

After coming onshore, the cyclone will undergo a weakening phase due to interaction with land. Fani could still be classified as a tropical cyclone as it passes to the northwest of Kolkata on May 4; however, the system should weaken to a tropical storm and fully dissipate as it tracks through northern Bangladesh and northeastern India late May 4-5. Expect some changes to the forecast track and strength of Tropical Cyclone Fani over the next 24-48 hours.

Weather Warnings
As of late May 2, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) has issued the following weather advisories, some of which will remain in effect through at least May 5:

  • Cyclone Warning: Odisha, West Bengal, and the Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, and Srikakulam districts of Andhra Pradesh
  • Heavy Rain Warning: Northern Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, and Meghalaya
  • Wind Warning: North Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and West Bengal
  • Storm Surge Warning: The Ganjam, Khurda, Puri, and Jagatsinghpur districts of Odisha

Expect officials to continually update current alerts as the cyclone moves makes landfall over the coming hours.

Hazardous Conditions
Tropical Cyclone Fani will bring life-threatening and disruptive weather in parts of eastern India through at least May 4. The remnants of the system will also produce disruptive rain and wind in portions of Bangladesh and Bhutan through May 5. The heaviest rainfall of 15-30 cm (6-12 inches) is likely in northeastern coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh and throughout Odisha, Jharkhand, and northern portions of West Bengal; localized totals of up to 50 cm (20 inches) cannot be ruled out in some areas. Current guidance indicates that lesser rainfall accumulations of 5-10 cm (2-4 inches) are likely in the Kolkata and Dhaka metropolitan areas.

Sustained heavy rain will likely trigger dangerous flash and areal flooding in low-lying communities near rivers, creeks, and streams, as well as in urban areas with easily overwhelmed stormwater drainage systems. Sites downstream of large reservoirs could experience flooding after relatively short periods of intense rainfall. Rain-induced landslides pose a significant concern in steeply sloped terrains where the soil has become overly saturated, especially in northeastern India and Bhutan. Tornadoes and waterspouts could develop as the cyclone's heavy rain bands move onshore.

Destructive winds are also likely May 3-4 as the system approaches and makes landfall in eastern India. Officials have warned of extensive destruction to weak structures in Ganjam, Gajapati, Khurda, Puri, and Jagatsinghpur districts of Odisha, as well as in northern Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal. Although winds are forecast to have weakened by the time Fani reaches the Kolkata metropolitan area, flooding rain and strong winds of over 80 kph (50 mph) are still possible.

Significant storm surge will also be a concern in coastal areas of eastern India and possibly Bangladesh, May 3-4. Officials expect a storm surge of around 1.5 meters (5 feet) above astronomical tides in areas under the storm surge warning in Odisha; higher surge totals of up to 4 meters (13 feet) cannot be ruled out in Balasore District and areas to the east, including the lower stretches of the Hooghly River in West Bengal. Officials have urged approximately 800,000 residents in low-lying coastal areas in the path of the storm to evacuate as a precaution; around 850 evacuation shelters are housing displaced residents throughout eastern India.

Transport and Utilities
Tropical Cyclone Fani will cause prolonged transport disruptions in the affected area over the coming days and weeks. Floodwaters and related debris may render some bridges, rail networks, or roadways impassable, impacting overland travel in and around affected areas. Authorities may close some roads and bridges in exposed areas, and floodwaters could wash away some transportation routes during the passage of the cyclone. Flooding in urban areas could also result in severe traffic congestion, while strong winds will pose a hazard to high-profile vehicles.

Disruptions to Indian Railways - including the East Coast Railway in coastal Andhra Pradesh and Odisha - are likely over the coming days. Floodwaters and debris could block some rail lines, leading to delays, cancellations, and train rerouting operations.

Strong winds will down trees or spread debris that could damage critical infrastructure (e.g., power lines, telecommunications networks) or impede access to thoroughfares. Plan for extensive and widespread power outages, especially in Odisha State, in the days and weeks following the passage of Tropical Cyclone Fani.

Gusty winds, heavy rains, and low ceilings will trigger flight delays and cancellations at local airports, including - but not limited to - those serving Bhubaneswar (BBI), Kolkata (CCU), Vijayawada (VGA), and Visakhapatnam (VTZ). Officials have decided to suspend flight operations at CCU from 2130 May 3 until 1800 May 4; flights will also be suspended at BBI throughout the day May 3. Authorities at other regional airports could ground flights or temporarily close some facilities depending on weather conditions over the coming days.

Maritime disruptions may occur - including at port facilities serving Visakhapatnam, Kalingapatnam, Kakinada, and Paradip - due to rough seas in the Bay of Bengal. Port officials have suspended operations in Paradip until weather conditions improve following the passage of the tropical cyclone.


 

Advice

Activate contingency plans and be prepared to shelter-in-place, especially if operating in coastal areas of Odisha State, May 3-4. Monitor local media for updates on the storm system and related weather advisories. Confirm all transport reservations and business appointments before traveling in eastern India, Bangladesh, and Bhutan over the coming days. Make allowances for localized travel delays and potential supply chain disruptions where severe weather has been forecast. Stay away from rivers, streams, and steeply sloped terrain due to the threat of flooding and landslides/mudflows. Charge battery-powered devices, and stockpile water and nonperishable food in case of prolonged electricity outages.
 


Warning alert effective May 1, 18:03 GMT: TC Fani to parallel India's eastern coast; landfall possible in Odisha State by late May 3. Expect flooding rains and storm surge.

The locations affected by this alert are:

  • Bangladesh
  • Bhutan
  • Sri Lanka
  • Kolkata, West Bengal State
  • Chennai, Tamil Nadu State
  • Guwahati, Assam State
  • Puducherry (Pondicherry)
  • Bhubaneshwar-Cuttack, Odisha State
  • Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh State
  • Haldia, West Bengal State
  • Paradip, Odisha State
  • Imphal, Manipur State
  • Darjeeling, West Bengal State
  • Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh State
  • Jamshedpur (Tatanagar), Jharkhand State
  • Ranchi, Jharkhand State
  • Rourkela, Odisha State
  • Bacheli (NMDC Township), Chhattisgarh State
  • Shillong, Meghalaya State
  • Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu State
  • Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh State

This alert began 01 May 2019 18:03 GMT and is scheduled to expire 05 May 2019 23:59 GMT.

  • Event: Tropical Cyclone Fani
  • Center of Circulation: Bay of Bengal, approximately 310 km (190 miles) southeast of Kakinada, India
  • Maximum Sustained Winds: 105 knots (195 kph, 120 mph)
  • Projected Landfall (Date): Odisha State, India (possibly near Paradip) (late May 3)
  • Affected Area: Eastern India; Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Bhutan

 

Summary

Tropical Cyclone Fani has shifted to a northward track in the Bay of Bengal, May 1. As of 2100 IST, the system's center of circulation was approximately 310 km (190 miles) southeast of Kakinada, India. Fani is still classified as an Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm according to the India Meteorological Department's (IMD) intensity scale. Some additional intensification is possible through May 2 as the cyclone starts to parallel India's eastern coastline. Depending on the proximity of the center of circulation, the system could start to weaken prior to a potential landfall in Odisha State by late May 3. Regardless of the cyclone's classification at the time of landfall, Fani will still be a destructive and life-threatening system. If current guidance is correct, the worst conditions will probably occur between Brahmapur and Paradip, including the tourist destination of Puri.

Significant uncertainty remains in the cyclone's track and intensity forecasts. Fluctuations in the landfall location are likely over the coming days. If Fani tracks to the east of current projections, the system might remain just offshore and could make landfall in West Bengal. After coming onshore, the cyclone will undergo a weakening phase due to interaction with land; Fani could transition into a tropical storm over Bangladesh by May 4 and dissipate into a remnant low in northeastern India by May 5.

Weather Warnings
As of late May 1, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) has issued the following weather advisories, some of which will remain in effect through at least May 5:

  • Cyclone Watch: Odisha, West Bengal, and the Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, and Srikakulam districts of Andhra Pradesh
  • Heavy Rain Warning: Northern Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, and Meghalaya
  • Wind Warning: Coastal areas of northern Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and West Bengal
  • Storm Surge Warning: The Ganjam, Khurda, Puri, and Jagatsinghpur districts of Odisha

In Sri Lanka, meteorological officials maintain orange and red rain/wind warnings - the highest alert levels - throughout much of the country through May 3. Expect both weather agencies to continually update current alerts as the cyclone moves through the Bay of Bengal and makes landfall over the coming days.

Hazardous Conditions
Tropical Cyclone Fani will bring disruptive weather in parts of India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and possibly Bhutan through at least May 5. The heaviest rainfall of 15-30 cm (6-12 inches) is likely in northeastern coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh and throughout Odisha; localized totals of up to 50 cm (20 inches) cannot be ruled out in some areas. The remnants of the system could also produce torrential downpours in northeastern India, Bangladesh, and Bhutan, May 3-5. The area of heaviest rainfall could shift depending on the actual track of the center of circulation.

Sustained heavy rain will likely trigger life-threatening flash and areal flooding in low-lying communities near rivers, creeks, and streams, as well as in urban areas with easily overwhelmed stormwater drainage systems. Sites downstream of large reservoirs could experience flooding after relatively short periods of intense rainfall. Rain-induced debris flows pose a significant concern in steeply sloped terrains where the soil has become overly saturated.

Strong winds are also likely by May 2 as the system approaches and makes landfall in eastern India. Officials have warned of extensive damage to weak structures in Ganjam, Gajapati, Khurda, Puri, and Jagatsinghpur districts of Odisha, as well as in northern Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal. Although the system is forecast to weaken by the time it reaches the Kolkata metropolitan area, flooding rain and strong winds are still likely.

Storm surge will also be a concern in coastal areas of eastern India and possibly Bangladesh, May 2-4; officials expect a storm surge of around 1.5 meters (5 feet) above astronomical tides in areas under the storm surge warning in Odisha. Officials have urged residents in low-lying coastal areas in the path of the storm to evacuate as a precaution.

Transport and Utilities
Tropical Cyclone Fani will likely cause transport disruptions throughout the affected area into early May. Floodwaters and related debris may render some bridges, rail networks, or roadways impassable, impacting overland travel in and around affected areas. Flooding in urban areas could also result in severe traffic congestion, while strong winds might pose a hazard to high-profile vehicles. Disruptions to Indian Railways - including the East Coast Railway in coastal Andhra Pradesh and Odisha - are likely over the coming days. Floodwaters and debris could block some rail lines, leading to delays, service suspensions, and train rerouting operations.

Strong winds could down trees or spread debris that could damage critical infrastructure (e.g., power lines, telecommunications networks) or impede access to thoroughfares. Gusty winds, heavy rains, and low ceilings may trigger flight disruptions at local airports, including - but not limited to - those serving Bhubaneswar (BBI), Kolkata (CCU), Vijayawada (VGA), and Visakhapatnam (VTZ). Authorities could ground flights or temporarily close some airport facilities depending on weather conditions. Maritime disruptions may occur - including at port facilities serving Visakhapatnam, Kalingapatnam, Kakinada, and Paradip - due to rough seas in the Bay of Bengal. Port officials have suspended operations in Paradip until weather conditions improve following the passage of the tropical cyclone.


 

Advice

Monitor local media for updates on the storm system and related weather advisories. Confirm all transport reservations and business appointments before traveling in eastern India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Bhutan over the coming days. Make allowances for localized travel delays and potential supply chain disruptions where severe weather has been forecast. Stay away from rivers, streams, and steeply sloped terrain due to the threat of flooding and landslides/mudflows. Charge battery-powered devices, and stockpile water and nonperishable food in case of prolonged electricity outages.


 

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